Coding languages use computer programming languages to give the computers and devices command to perform tasks in a way. It is the way how we can communicate our needs to the machines. This has given us space to come up with software programs, app, and other tech material. Various code types depend on what you want to develop, be it an app, website, software, or video games. You can give the command to the computers to create things that you want to make through them. Either it is your Facebook, Instagram, your iOS, Android, or anything, everything has the value of coding.

The top 10 coding languages are here for you now

1. Python

It is an object-oriented, high-level programming language. It’s a high-level programming language built up in the data structures, combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding. It makes it very famous for Rapid Application Development and uses as a scripting Python is one of the frequently used programming languages nowadays. Because everyone can easily read and learn.

It is an open-source programming language with lots of extensive support and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures. It is a GUI-based desktop application and a popular programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications. 

The use is to develop 2D imaging and 3D animation packages such as Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. It has been used to create popular video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown. Python also used or scientific and computational applications like FreeCAD and Abacus.


It is a programming language used to develop desktop and mobile applications, big data processing, embedded systems. According to Oracle, the company that owns Java. Java runs on Three billion devices worldwide. It is one of the most common, in-demand computer programming languages. With its object-oriented structure, the programming language has become a standard for applications that Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, and other platforms can use. Because of its capabilities of Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA).

The use of Java language is also in web and application development as well as in big data. It can also be on the backbone of several popular and trending websites, including Google, Twitter, YouTube, and Amazon. Hundreds of applications can use this language. Java framework like Spring, Struts, and Hibernate is also very popular.

There are hundreds of ways how to learn Java. Also, Java programmers have an extensive online community that supports each other to solve the problems. It is a more complex language to learn, but experienced developers with Java coding skills are in high demand.

3. Kotlin

Kotlin is a free, open-source, statically typed pragmatic programming language. It is designed for the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and Android, combining object-oriented and functional programming features. It also focuses on interoperability, safety, clarity, and tooling support. The launch of the first version was officially in the year 2016. It is interoperable with Java and supports other functional languages.

Kotlin is used majorly for a web application, android app, server-side application development, and desktop application. Kotlin was built to have better results than Java. Kotlin is the base for most of the applications. Some companies using Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates, among many others.

4. Swift

 Swift has been among the top 10 in the monthly Index ranking of popular programming languages by TIOBE. Some of its advantages include safe, fast, and interactive programming language. Apple developed Swift for Linux and Mac applications in 2014. It can also be learned with very few coding skills in comparison to the other programming languages. It can also be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix.

Swift is used in popular iOS apps such as WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, SoundCloud, and even in the game Flappy Bird. For beginners, there is no need for prior learning experience of other languages. It is also in the loop of gaining popularity, mostly used by Apple application developers. It is even faster than the other programming languages. A person using Swift can earn in figures of $96,000 per annum. 

5. C#

C# was developed by the renowned company Microsoft for developing fame in the year 2000. Through this, it wanted to support the object-oriented program concept. C# is considered to be a comparatively stronger language. The creator of the language, Anders Hejlsberg, said it is more similar to the language C++ than Java. The language is best for Windows, iOS, and Android. C# is popularly used for famous websites like Bing, Visual Studio, Dell, and MarketWatch.

The developers of C# need a ground-level understanding of how to write code. It is popular, but in comparison to Java, it is less prevalent; Java beings its the biggest Rival in the industry. Some of its advantages are that it is faster and simple to use. It is also scalable and updatable. And a major one is it is interoperable with other codes as well. Microsoft developers use it as it is developed by the company Microsoft only. A person using C# can earn around $68,500 per annum.

6. C and C++

C is meant to be one of the oldest languages for coding. It is also a commonly used language in the world of coding. C is considered as the base of many other languages like Javascript, Java, and C#. While on the other hand, C++ is an updated version of C. Many coders and developers think that C is the basic to learn and then step to C++. While some just skip learning C. It is used in programming and computer science. C and C++ are languages that have high performance.

There are times when performance becomes an issue in developing applications, so these languages are used in such cases. The people who formulate using C and C++ can earn around $76,500 per annum.

C and C++ are one of the most difficult coding languages.

7. Go

This language came out for API and web applications and was launched by Google in the year 2007. The other names for Go are Golang. If you have learned any coding languages before Go, it will be easy for you to know it. It is also very compatible and fast. Go is to fulfill the demands of sectors like IT.

Some of the companies that use this language are Uber, google like Google, Dropbox, and others develop. It is slowly pacing up in the field of data technology too. A person using Go can earn around $92,000 per annum. It is famous for its performance and agility.

8. PHP 

The language is an essential language for web developers as it is crucial for developing websites to be it Facebook or any other. It came in the year 1990. It is also considered the easiest language to learn for developers who have started their careers in development. It is a cost-effective language and is flexible too. But at the same time, it cannot support too many apps at a time, so it also not suitable for large applications.

A significant drawback is that it is also not considered a secure language to suffer here due to this drawback. With time the use of PHP is decreasing. A person using PHP can earn around $81,500 per annum.

9. Matlab 

It was launched in the mid of the year 1980s. Engineers and scientists majorly do the use this language. Whereas at the same time, programmers use this language to have a nag on machine learning and deep learning applications. Matlab users can use the programs for analyzing data, creating algorithms, verifying research, and processing images. This language was bought in by MathWorks.

There is an exclusive section on the website of MathsWork for answering questions about Matlab. It is currently not so popular, but it has increasing popularity, especially in running visualizations and hardware engineers. And hence is also simple to learn, but the installation of files might take ample space in your personal computer. A Matlab user can make around $101,000 per annum. 

10. R

R is a language that helps build applications that can be used in processing statistics, non-linear modeling, linear modeling for analyzing, testing visuals, and calculations. R is a different version of language S. Because the code written by the developers for R can also run on S without any modifications. R is also not advisable for beginners as it is not easy. But similarly, it will be easier for you if you already have a nag on Python and Javascript.

R was considered a prevalent language at some point in time, but with time Python made its popularity stronger, and R went down in the list. For machine learners, R is an ideal application for you. A person using R can earn around $91,5000 per annum. But on the contrary, R is slower than Python and Matlab. 

How to chose one?

Internet today is flooded with languages, and it is confusing for you to choose one. But we have given the list of 10 top languages rather than scrolling through hundreds of these languages.

These are the best programming languages that are jotted down languages and are shortlisted from hundreds of them. If anyone wants to start a career as a programmer, make a lateral move into another field. Learning any one of these languages is an excellent way to begin in the world of coders and developers. Many courses are ranging from Python for the beginner to Java for the experienced. Anyone can find what is perfectly fit and the right programming language.

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About the Author

Sakshi Gautam


I am a freelance content writer working in the field for the past five years. I specialize in blog posts, articles, and websites contents for e-commerce, education, immigration, travel and food platforms. For a platform to grow, I believe that it needs quality contents and uniqueness that stands out from competitors.

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